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什么是Sight Words?它包括哪些单词?

学校教育 admin 1308次浏览 0个评论

Sight Words 就是儿童英语阅读初级阶段常见的字,共计220个,是由美国学者E.W.Dolch在二次世界大战之前,针对英语儿童初级读物做了分析统计后整理出来的。学习并掌握Sight Words,对初阶英语学习者是必不可少的一个过程,将非常有利于孩子提高阅读速度。
在初期儿童的英文教材中,Sight words大约占了总字数的75%。儿童认得sight word的好处是在接触初级的教材时,要尝试阅读内容前就已认得其中大部份的单字,因此儿童可以专心的在教材的内容以及理解,而不用为了要对每个字进行拼读解码而中断阅读。全字教学的提倡者认为让学生认得大量的Sight word,有助于阅读的学习。

由于这些词是初期阅读物中出现频率很高的单词,所以如果孩子能够在阅读初级阶段,在十个词中已能读出其中的七,八个词,其余的再利用phonics拼读法试着读出,再结合读本中提供的图片以及前后文,做文意之猜测与理解,那么,基本上,孩子就踏出英语阅读的第一步了。

Pre-primer:

a and away big blue can come down find for funny go help here I in is it jump little look make me my not one play red run said see the three to two up we where yellow you

Primer:

all am are at ate be black brown but came did do eat four get good have he into like must new no now on our out please pretty ran ride saw say she so soon that there they this too under want was well went what white who will with yes

Grade One:

after again an any ask as by could every fly from give going had has her him his how just know let live may of old once open over put round some stop take thank them then think walk were when

Grade two:

always around because been before best both buy call cold does don’t fast first five found gave goes green its made many off or pull read right sing sit sleep tell their these those upon us use very wash which

Grade three:

about better bring carry clean cut done draw drink eight fall far full got grow hold hot hurt if keep kind laugh light long much myself never only own pick seven shall show six small start ten today together try warm

 


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